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Solid State Devices 1
About this courseSkip About this course
This course provides the graduate-level introduction to understand, analyze, characterize and design the operation of semiconductor devices such as transistors, diodes, solar cells, light-emitting devices, and more.
The material will primarily appeal to electrical engineering students whose interests are in applications of semiconductor devices in circuits and systems. The treatment is physics-based, provides derivations of the mathematical descriptions, and enables students to quantitatively analyze device internal processes, analyze device performance, and begin the design of devices given specific performance criteria.
Technology users will gain an understanding of the semiconductor physics that is the basis for devices. Semiconductor technology developers may find it a useful starting point for diving deeper into condensed matter physics, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, and materials science. The course presents an electrical engineering perspective on semiconductors, but those in other fields may find it a useful introduction to the approach that has guided the development of semiconductor technology for the past 50+ years.
Students taking this course will be required to complete:
- two (2) projects
- one (1) proctored exam using the edX online Proctortrack software.
- nine (9) homework assignments.
- thirty-one (31) online quizzes are spread throughout the 16-week semester.
Completed homework and exam will be scanned and submitted using Gradescope for grading.
This course is one of a growing suite of graduate-level courses being developed in an edX/Purdue University collaboration. Courses like this can apply toward a Purdue University MSECE degree for students accepted into the full master’s program.
At a glance
- Institution: PurdueX
- Subject: Electronics
- Level: Advanced
This course is designed for students who have an undergraduate degree in electrical and computer engineering or similar. Knowledge of vector algebra and differential equations and some mathematical scripting languages (e.g., Python, Jupyter, MATLAB, Octave) is recommended.
- Language: English
- Video Transcript: English
What you'll learnSkip What you'll learn
With the completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Explain the working principles of these devices.
- Explain the physical processes in these devices.
- Relate the device performance to materials and design criteria.
- Speak the "language" of device engineers.
- Be ready to engage in device research
- Solid State Devices Introduction
- Semiconductor Materials
- Applications of Elemental and Compound Semiconductors
- Atomic Positions and Bond Orientation
- Bravais Lattice
- Surfaces, Miller Index
- Elements of Quantum Mechanics
- Classic Systems
- Why D We Need Quantum Mechanics?
- Formulation of Schrodinger's Equation
- Analytical Solutions to Free and Bound Electrons
- Electrons in a Finite Potential Well
- Electron Tunneling – Emergence of Bandstructure
- Transfer Matrix Method
- Tunneling through Barriers
- Bandstructure – in 1D Periodic Potentials
- Brillouin Zone and Reciprocal Lattice
- Constant Energy Surfaces & Density of States
- Bandstructure in Real Materials (Si, Ge, GaAs)
- E(k) Diagrams in Specific Crystal Directions
- Constant Energy Surfaces
- Density of State Effective Mass
- Bandstructure Measurements
- Occupation of States
- Fermi-Dirac Statistics: Three Techniques
- Intrinsic Carrier Concentration
- Band Diagrams
- Donors and Acceptors
- Temperature Dependence
- Introduction to Non-Equilibrium
- Steady State, Transient, Equilibrium
- Recombination & Generation
- R-G Formula
- SRH Formula
- Direct and Auger Recombination
- Nature of Interface States
- Intro to Transport - Drift, Mobility, Diffusion, Einstein Relationship
- Drift Current
- Hall Effect
- Semiconductor Equations
- Continuity Equations
- Analytical Solutions
- Numerical Solutions
- Introduction to PN Junctions
- PN Diode I-V Characteristics
- PN Diode AC Response
- PN Diode Large Signal Response
- Schottky Diode
- MOS Electrostatics & MOScap
- Q-V Characteristics
- MOS Capacitor Signal Response
- MOSFET Introduction
- MOSFET Non-Idealities
- Flat Band Voltage
- Modern MOSFET
- Moore's Law Challenges
- Short Channel Effect
- Mobility Enhancement
- Bipolar Junction Transistor - Fundamentals
- Band Diagrams in Equilibrium
- Currents in BJTs
- Ebers Moll Model
- Bipolar Junction Transistor - Design
- Current Gain
- Base Doping Design
- Collector Doping (Kirk Effect, Base Pushout)
- Emitter Doping Design
- Poly-Si Emitter
- Shoe Base Transport
- Bipolar Junction Transistor – High Frequency Response
- Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor
- Applications, Concept, Innovation, Nobel Prize
- Types of Heterojunctions,: Abrupt, Graded, Double
- Modern Designs
About the instructors
Frequently Asked QuestionsSkip Frequently Asked Questions
Does this course require textbooks?
Yes. This course will use the textbooks below.
- Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals , second edition, Robert F. Pierret, Publisher: Pearson, ISBN-13: 978-0130617927 ISBN-10:013061792X
- Semiconductor Device Fundamentals , Robert. F. Pierret, Publisher Addison Wesley, ISBN-13: 978-0201543933 ISBN-10:0201543931